Differences between Sativa and Indica

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Differences between Sativa and Indica

There are two main types of cannabis. Cannabis sativa and cannabis indica. Its two plants are differentiated by their origin, their appearance, their flowering time, their aromas and their effects. Hence the interest of presenting them to you in this guide and teaching you how to recognize them.

Geographical origin

First of all, with regard to their geographical origin, cannabis sativa grows mainly around the equator. But you can also find it in Colombia, Mexico, Thailand and many African countries. Cannabis indica, on the other hand, comes from Morocco, Afghanistan, Nepal and Turkey.


In terms of appearance and size, cannabis sativa is taller than cannabis indica. It can reach 1.80 m while the indica variety never exceeds 90 cm. Aside from that, cannabis sativa has a longer, less dense bud and also long, thin leaves. Its flowers usually grow between the nodes of its branches, giving it a cluster shape.

Flowering time

Also, be aware that the flowering time of cannabis sativa is 60 to 90 days, while that of cannabis indica is 45 to 60 days. If the varieties available on the market flower faster, it is because they are associated with inputs that accelerate the appearance of weeds.

The aromas

What also differentiates cannabis sativa from cannabis indica is the aroma. It has a wide and fruity spectrum of aromas, with tropical and floral notes; while the indica strain has distinctly exotic, full-bodied, spicy, and sweet aromas. Cannabis indica also stands out for its blend of vegetal notes, with an accent of pine and less pronounced earthy undertones compared to its sativa sibling.

The effects

Before talking about the effects of these two types of cannabis, it should be noted that unlike cannabis indica, sativa has an energizing effect. The sativa has a high stimulating effect in the head and can provide a feeling of well-being and ease. It is also a good energizer and it promotes creativity while stimulating the imagination.

Indica, on the other hand, can reduce nausea and improve sleep quality. It fights depression and cures headaches. It also relaxes muscles and relieves pain. In fact, it is very concentrated in cbd or cannabidiol and this substance does not produce a psychoactive “high”.

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